The ULR6a GPS solution is a preliminary version of the reanalysis of 19 years of GPS data from 1995 to 2014 that has been undertaken within the framework of the 2nd data reprocessing campaign of the International GNSS Service (IGS). Its associated vertical velocity field is expressed in ITRF2008.

Double-differenced ionosphere-free GPS carrier phase observations from a global network of 754 stations were reanalyzed using GAMIT/GLOBK software version 10.5. The data set covered the period January 1995 to December 2013. Station coordinates, satellite orbits, Earth orientation parameters (EOPs), and zenith tropospheric delay parameters every hour, were estimated. The data analysis strategy (models, corrections...) was compliant with the specifications adopted by the IGS for this reanalysis (more information here). Details can also be found in the IGS-like ULR analysis centre form associated with this solution.

The GPS velocities were obtained in the final step of the analysis which combined the daily GAMIT/GLOBK global network solutions (station coordinates with full co-variances) from the entire data time span into a long-term solution using CATREF software. This long-term solution (ULR6a) was aligned to ITRF2008 using minimal constraints over a selected set of IGS Reference Frame stations. A detailed description can be found in the reference below.


To assign more realistic uncertainties on the GPS velocities, the noise content in the position time series was examined by the maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) technique using CATS software (Williams, 2008). Time series were detrended at the CATREF stage. Details on the GPS velocity uncertainty assessment are given in the reference below.

- Vertical velocities table

The ULR6a_Vertical-Velocities_Table provides the vertical GPS velocities and uncertainties for the 497 stations fulfilling the criteria of 3 years of minimum length without discontinuities and with data gaps not exceeding 30%.

- Daily residual time series

The ULR6_detrend.zip file contains individual station data files of daily residual position time series in ITRF2008 with respect to the linear long-term combined solution at the reference epoch. These residuals (detrended) are expressed in meters in the local frame (North, East, and Up). The reference position and the 3D velocity in the local coordinate system (East, North, Up) are provided in the header of each file.

- Position discontinuities

The ULR6a_discontinuities_Table.txt file provides the position offsets that were estimated.

- Solution file

The long-term solution ULR6a in SINEX format (567 Mo) can be downloaded too. However, we recommend its use only to those familiar with SINEX files, and having a good geodetic background and experience.



Analysis center: ULR Number of stations: 674
Solution: ULR6a CGPS@TG 482
Date of publication: 2016 Reference Frame 194
Time span: 1995.0 - 2013.9 Others 77
Reference Frame: ITRF 2008

Vertical velocity field

Estimated (robust) velocities: 493
Average of formal errors: 0.54 mm/yr
Median of formal errors: 0.36 mm/yr


Santamaría-Gómez A., M. Gravelle, S. Dangendorf, M. Marcos, G. Spada, G. Wöppelmann (2017). Uncertainty of the 20th century sea-level rise due to vertical land motion errors. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 473, 24-32.