The GNSS solution named ’NGL14’ is produced by the Nevada Geodetic Laboratory (NGL) using a Precise Point Positioning (PPP) data analysis strategy. The GipsyX software (version 1.0) from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is employed to produce daily position time series for over 17,000 globally distributed stations using JPL satellite orbits and clock products expressed in the IGS14 reference frame (Blewitt et al. 2018). The data set covers the period January 1996 to March 2022.

This GNSS data analysis strategy complies with the standards (models, corrections,...) of the International GNSS Service (IGS) reanalysis (reprocessing) campaigns ; hence the Sixteenth session of the Group of Experts for the Global Sea Level Observing System (GLOSS), held in Busan (Republic of Korea), 11-13 April 2019, tasked the SONEL data assembly centre to consider including the NGL solution (position time series and velocities) for the subset of GNSS stations nearby tide gauges. Among the more than 17,000 stations processed by NGL, as many as 1111 have actually been identified as co-located, or nearby, tide gauges.

The GNSS velocities, provided here for 1069 stations (nearby tide gauges and reference frame stations included) with a minimum record length of 3 years and data gaps not exceeding 30%, are produced by NGL using the MIDAS estimator (Blewitt et al. 2016).

More details about the GNSS data analysis strategy can be found here or in Blewitt et al. (2016).


 Vertical velocities table

The NGL14_Vertical-Velocities_Table provides the vertical GPS velocities and uncertainties from the 1069 stations fulfilling the criteria of 3 years of minimum length and data gaps not exceeding 30%, estimated by the NGL group using MIDAS (Blewitt et al. 2016).

 Daily time series

The file contains individual station data files of daily position time series in ITRF2014 with respect to the position at the mid time series epoch. These positions are expressed in meters in the local frame (North, East, and Up). The reference position and the 3D velocity (obtained using MIDAS) in the local coordinate system (East, North, Up) are provided in the header of each file.

 Position discontinuities

The NGL14_discontinuities_Table.txt file provides the position offsets that can affect the station position and velocity estimates, as indicated by the NGL group. Note that MIDAS should be robust regarding the velocity estimates in presence of offsets, but not the parametric methods (e.g. least squares adjustment).

More information and data sets useful for other applications can be found at the Nevada Geodetic Laboratory website.


Vertical velocity field

Estimated (robust) velocities: 1069
Average of formal errors: 0.83 mm/yr
Median of formal errors: 0.67 mm/yr


For the time series:
Blewitt G., W. C. Hammond, C. Kreemer (2018). Harnessing the GPS data explosion for interdisciplinary science. Eos, 99, doi:10.1029/2018EO104623.

For the velocities:
Blewitt G., C. Kreemer, W.C. Hammond, J. Gazeaux (2016). MIDAS robust trend estimator for accurate GPS station velocities without step detection. Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, 2054-2068, doi:10.1002/2015JB012552.